Understanding Islam – Intro To Usul al-Fiqh (al-Juwayni’s al-Waraqat) – Prophetic Actions

The following is a recording of the regular class I teach on Sundays at Middle Ground Muslim Center, Understanding Islam. This week covered the chapter of Prophetic Actions (Af’al al-Nabi/أفعال النبي) from al-Juwayni’s al-Waraqat.


[Direct download]

فعل النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم – إما إن يكون على وجه القربة والطاعة – فإن دل الدليل على الاختصاص به يحمل على الاختصاص كزيادته صلى الله عليه وسلم في النكاح على أربع نسوة – وإن لم يدل دليل لا يخصص به – لأن الله تعالى قال: لَقَد كانَ لَكُم في رَسولِ اللَّهِ أُسوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ لِمَن كانَ يَرجُو اللَّهَ وَاليَومَ الآخِرَ وَذَكَرَ اللَّهَ كَثيرًا

“The actions of the Prophet ﷺ are either in the mode of acts of worship and obedience or they are not. If they are in the mode of acts of worship and obedience and the evidence points to it being particular to the Prophet ﷺ, then it is to be interpreted as particular to the Prophet ﷺ. The example given is the increase in the number of women (more than four) in which the Prophet ﷺ engaged in. If the evidence presented does not point towards peculiarity (of the Prophet ﷺ) then the action is not to be interpreted as particular, as the Qur’anic verse informs us:

“You have an excellent model in the Messenger of God, for all who put their hope in God, the Last Day and remember God much.” Qur’an, 33: 21

Also see Dr. Sherman Jackson’s, Towards Empowering the Common Muslim.

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