The Heart – A Khutbah at the University of Pennsylvania

The believer and the heart: how it can be influenced. How it should be protected.

Concerns of the Heart: [audio:http://www.marcmanley.com/media/mp3s/khutbahs/2011-12-16-upenn-the-heart.mp3|titles=Concerns of the Heart|artists=Marc Manley]

Protecting one’s heart

  • From without: الحواسّ الخمس
  • From within: suggestive imagination [الخيال]; passions [الشهوة]; anger [الغضب].

Our hearts are troubled by the things we see but we should take comfort in knowing that God is always manifesting His Truth:

وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَآ إِلَىٰٓ أُمَمٍ مِّن قَبْلِكَ فَأَخَذْنَٰهُم بِٱلْبَأْسَآءِ وَٱلضَّرَّآءِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَضَرَّعُونَ
فَلَوْلَآ إِذْ جَآءَهُم بَأْسُنَا تَضَرَّعُوا۟ وَلَٰكِن قَسَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَزَيَّنَ لَهُمُ ٱلشَّيْطَٰنُ مَا كَانُوا۟ يَعْمَلُونَ
فَلَمَّا نَسُوا۟ مَا ذُكِّرُوا۟ بِهِۦ فَتَحْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ أَبْوَٰبَ كُلِّ شَىْءٍ حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا فَرِحُوا۟ بِمَآ أُوتُوٓا۟ أَخَذْنَٰهُم بَغْتَةًۭ فَإِذَا هُم مُّبْلِسُونَ

“We sent Messengers to nations before you, and afflicted those nations with hardship and distress so that hopefully they would humble themselves (42). If only they had humbled themselves when Our violent force came upon them! However, their hearts were hard and Shaytan made what they were doing seem attractive to them. (43) When they forgot what they had been reminded of, We opened up for them the doors to everything, until, when they were exulting in what they had been given, We suddenly seized them and at once they were in despair (44).” – Qur’an, 6: 42-44.

Involuntary suggestions: protect yourself from influences.

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: اتق الله حيهما كنت وأتبع السيئة الَحسنةَ تمحها وخالق الناس بخلق حسن – الترمذي

“The Messenger of God said: ‘Keep God in mind wherever you are; follow a bad deed with a good so that it offsets it and treat people with courtesy.’ Al-Tirmidhi”.

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: أكثر ما يدخل الجنة تقوى الله وحسن الخلق

“The Messenger of God said: ‘What allows many to enter paradise is taqwa of God and good character.’ Al-Tirmidhi”.

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: الزنا يوثر الفقر

“The Messenger of God said: ‘Illicit sex begets poverty.’ Al-Suyuti on ‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Umar”.

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: ما أعز الله بجهل قط ولا أذل بعلم قط ولا نقصت صدقة من مال

“The Messenger of God said: ‘Illicit sex begets poverty.’ Al-Daylami on ‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Umar”.

أَلَمْ يَأْنِ لِلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓا۟ أَن تَخْشَعَ قُلُوبُهُمْ لِذِكْرِ ٱللَّهِ وَمَا نَزَلَ مِنَ ٱلْحَقِّ وَلَا يَكُونُوا۟ كَٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُوا۟ ٱلْكِتَٰبَ مِن قَبْلُ فَطَالَ عَلَيْهِمُ ٱلْأَمَدُ فَقَسَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ ۖ وَكَثِيرٌۭ مِّنْهُمْ فَٰسِقُونَ

“Has the time not arrived for the hearts of those who have iman to yield to the remembrance of Allah and to the truth He has sent down, so they are not like those who were given the Book before for whom the time seemed over long so that their hearts became hard? Many of them are deviators.” Qur’an, 57: 16.

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