Marc Manley — Ronin Imam

Words, Thoughts, & Insights For The Rest of Us

Tag: رواية ورش عن نافع

Ramadan Came Early This Year

It’s been a long and steep road for me to learn appreciation for the little things in life. Tonight, that lesson continued in a truly tiny package.

Some years ago my wife traveled and studied in Morocco. She returned with a number of items but one, until this evening, I had never noticed before. While rummaging through an old box I discovered quite a curious little find: a diminutive little Qur’an. Its measurements a scant three inches long and just barely two wide. Its old cover a faded blue velvet, complete with a simple silver clasp. This little mushaf had a loved and used quality about it despite me having never gazed upon it before. I felt compelled to unlock its metal clasp. Continue reading

Chaplain Chats – Intro to Reciting the Qur’an

The following are some loose notes from a talk I delivered at the University of Pennsylvania on March 12th, 2012, on the topic of qira’at al-Qur’an or the Recitations of the Qur’an. I will try to provide some succinct information on some of the terminology, also known as istilahat (اصطلاحات) as well as the various qurra’ (قراء) or reciters.

Listen to the audio from the Chaplain Chat here.

When we say there is a qira’ah of the Qur’an, what we mean is really three things:

  1. Qira’ah (قراءة): it is that which relates to one of the Ten Reciters, a qari’ (قاريء). These Ten are sometimes known as al-‘Ashr al-Ma’rifun (العشر المعرفون). For example, Imam ‘Asim and Imam Ibn Kathir are from this group. Each of the Seven Reciters (known for their chains of narration (sanad), which are mutawatir, had two students (the next group).
  2. Riwayah (رواية): it is that which relates to one of the narrators, a rawin (راو). These narrators took the recitation from the above group and dispersed it. Such examples might be Hafs ‘an ‘Asim or al-Susi ‘an Abi ‘Amru, with ‘Asim and Abu ‘Amru being the teachers of Imam Hafs and Imam al-Susi respectively. Think of it as student ‘an teacher (lit., Hafs the student of ‘Asim, Qunbul the student of Ibn Kathir, etc.) (الطالب عن شيخه).
  3. Tariq (طريق): these are in a sense the students of the rawaya (روايا أو راويون) or narrators. An example of this might be a mushaf (physical copy of the Qur’an) which was the title of Khalaf ‘an Hamzah ‘ala Tariq al-Shatibiyyah, or Khalaf, the student of Imam Hamzah from the chain of al-Shatibiyyah. For time’s sake, we will not be delving into al-Azraq or al-Shatibiyyah but do know that there is this third component.

The Seven Reciters are:

  • Imam Nafi’: his two students were Warsh and Qalun. Therefore you have the recitation of Wash ‘an Nafi’ or Qalun ‘an Nafi’. Imam Nafi’ is from the Madinah school.
  • Imam Ibn Kathir: his two students were al-Bazzi and Qunbul (incidentally, these are sometimes also pronounced al-Buzzi and Qanbal). Their recitations are known as al-Bazzi ‘an Ibn Kathir and Qunbul ‘an Ibn Kathir. Ibn Kathir is from the Makkah school.
  • Imam Abu ‘Amru: his two students were al-Susi and al-Duri*. Their recitations are known as al-Susi ‘an Abi ‘Amru and al-Duri ‘an Abi ‘Amru. Abu ‘Amru is from the ‘Iraqi school (al-Kufah).
  • Imam Ibn ‘Amir: his two students were Hisham and Ibn Dhakwan. Their recitations are known as Hisham ‘an Ibn ‘Amir and Ibn Dhakwan ‘an Abi ‘Amir.
  • Imam ‘Asim: his two students were Hafs and Shu’bah. Their recitations are known as Hafs ‘an ‘Asim (the most commonly recited narration today) and Shu’bah ‘an ‘Asim. Imam ‘Asim is also from the Kufic school of ‘Iraq.
  • Imam Hamzah: his two students were Khalaf and Khallad. Their recitations are Khalaf ‘an Hamzah and Khallad ‘an Hamzah. Imam Hamzah is also from the Kufic ‘Iraqi school.
  • Imam al-Kisa’i: his two students were Abu al-Harith and al-Duri*. Their recitations are Abu al-Harith ‘an al-Kisa’i and al-Duri ‘an al-Kisa’i. Imam al-Kisa’i is also from the Kufic ‘Iraqi school.

* al-Duri is the only student to have taken narrations from two Master Reciters: Abu ‘Amru and al-Kisa’i.

The Three Mash’hur Reciters:

  • Abu Ja’far.
  • Ya’qub.
  • Khalaf.

The Masahif (PDF’s – **warning: some Mac’s will have issues with the fonts in these PDF’s). I believe I have fixed the issues with Macs and the formatting of these PDF’s. Leave a comment if you’re unable to open them:

Three major conditions for being classified as a qira’ah:

  1. Sound chain of narration: narrators were continuous, well known for their piety and were known to possess Sound memories. The recitation must also be dispersed by a large number of narrators after the Sahabah (this is the condition of mutawatir). Narrations which did not fit this stringent category were considered either mash’hur (as in the case of Abu Ja’far, etc.) or irregular (shaddh).
  2. The recitation had to match the grammatical rules and constructions of the Arabic language. This was acceptable even if they matched styles found in the Jahiliyyah poetry (pre-Islamic poetry).
  3. The narration had to agree with the script of one of the copies of the Qur’an disseminated by Khalif ‘Uthman Ibn ‘Affan in the ‘Uthmani script (al-Rasm al-Uthmani/الرسم العثماي). This is why it is acceptable to have differences in the “dot placement” (تعلمون أو يعلمون) so long as the other conditions are met.

When time permits, I will try and upload more audio files of the various qira’at/riwayat of the Qur’an, in sha’Allah.

Qur’anic Recitation Collection

Welcome to the Qur’anic Recitation Collection, a place where the various riwayat of Qur’anic recitation (see the Introduction) can be found and listened to. Here I will try to provide electronic copies of [mushaf] these various recitations, biographies, and of course, audio files for download. Please check back from time to time for updates.

Shaykh Uthman al-Andari – a specialist in Qur’anic recitation

The following is an entire collection of Qur’ānic recitation by Shaykh Uthman al-Andari [also spelled Othman al-Andari شيخ عثمان الأنداري], a qari from Tunisia. The style of recitation here is Qalun ‘an Nafi’ [قالون عن نافع], sometimes spelled Qaloon. I hope to provide some more biographical info on Shaykh al-Andari soon.

Some info on the style of recitation associated with Imam Qaloon [taken from About Tajweed], may God shower him with mercy.

Listen to the collection here.

Shaykh Omar al-Qazabri

The following is an entire collection of Qur’ānic recitation by Shaykh Omar al-Qazabri [شيخ عمر القزابري], a qari from Morocco. The style of recitation here is Warsh ‘an Nafi’ [ورش عن نافغ]. Some info on Shaykh Omar:

Omar al-Qazabri is a Moroccan Qur’an reciter and Imam. He was born in 1974 in Marrakech. His father helped him memorize the Qur’an at the age of eleven.

Soon after having got his baccalaureate, Omar flew to Saudi Arabia in order to learn more about Islamic Fiqh. He enrolled in Islamic Institute of Makkah in 1997. In parallel of his studies, he was leading prayers in Jeddah’s University mosque.

Later on, he went to Egypt and worked with Cheikh Ahmed Al Maassarwi on a project entitled “The Ten Recitations Achievement”. Back in Morocco, Shaykh ‘Umar gained a huge experience from masters of Qur’an recitation and Islamic sciences.

You can listen to the collection here.

Shaykh al-Dulaimi

The following is an entire collection of Qur’anic recitation by Qari ‘Abdul-Razaq bin Abtan al-Dulaimi [قارئ عبد الرزاق بن أبطان الدليمي], a qari [a Qur'anic reciter] from Baghdad, Iraq. He is currently the imam of a masjid the the Emirate of ‘Ajman. The style of recitation here is Hafs ‘an ‘Asim in the mujawwad style. Here’s a small Wiki page on Shaykh al-Dulaimi.

Hafs ‘an ‘Asim is the riwayah of Hafs ibn Sulayman ibn al-Mughira al-Asadi al-Kufi of the qira’ah of ‘Asim ibn Abu al-Nujud al-Kufi from Abu ‘Abdu’r-Rahman ‘Abdullah ibn Habib al-Sulami from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan and ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib and Zayd ibn Thabit and Ubayy ibn Ka’b from the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

Listen to the collection here.

Shaykh ‘Abdur Rashid Bin Sufi

The following is an entire collection of Qur’anic recitation by Qari ‘Abdur-Rashid Bin ‘Ali Sufi [قارئ عبد الرشيد بن علي صوفي], a qari [a Qur'anic reciter] from Somalia who now residesin Qatar. The style of recitation here is al-Susi min Abi ‘Amru al-Basri [ السوسي من أبي عمرو البصري]. Some info on Shaykh ‘Abdur-Rashīd:

The Shaykh was born in Somalia in 1964. He finished the Qur’an learning by the age of ten, then he handled the tajwid science according to Hafs ‘An ‘Asim’s version thanks to his mother.

Shaykh ‘Abdur-Rashid went to Egypt to study the qira’at sciences [sciences of Qur'anic recitation] at the prestigious Qira’at Institute. He later became a professor of Qur’anic science at al-Azhar Islamic University. In 1991, Qari ‘Abdur-Rashid went to Qatar to work in the country’s ministry. He is now the imam of  Masjid Anas Bin Malik, in Doha. He has also taken part in several durus and conferences in Europe. For those who wish to start learning al-Susi, Mushaf Riwayah al-Susi [pdf].

Listen to the collection here.

Shaykh ‘Abdur Rashid Bin Sufi

The following is an entire collection of Qur’anic recitation by Qari ‘Abdur-Rashid Bin ‘Ali Sufi [قارئ عبد الرشيد بن علي صوفي], a qari [a Qur'anic reciter] from Somalia who now residesin Qatar. The style of recitation here is Khalaf ‘an Hamzah [ خلف عن حمزة]. Some info on Shaykh ‘Abdur-Rashīd:

The Shaykh was born in Somalia in 1964. He finished the Qur’an learning by the age of ten, then he handled the tajwid science according to Hafs ‘An ‘Asim’s version thanks to his mother.

Shaykh ‘Abdur-Rashid went to Egypt to study the qira’at sciences [sciences of Qur'anic recitation] at the prestigious Qira’at Institute. He later became a professor of Qur’anic science at al-Azhar Islamic University. In 1991, Qari ‘Abdur-Rashid went to Qatar to work in the country’s ministry. He is now the imam of Masjid Anas Bin Malik, in Doha. He has also taken part in several durus and conferences in Europe. For those who wish to start learning Khalaf ‘an Hamzah, Mushaf Riwayah Khalaf ‘an Hamzah [pdf].

Listen to the collection here.

Miftah bin Muhammad al-Sultani

The following is an entire collection of Qur’anic recitation by Qari Miftah bin Muhammad al-Sultani [مفتاح بن محمد السلطاني], a qari [a Qur'anic reciter] from Doha in Qatar. The style of recitation here is Hisham ‘an Ibn ‘Amir [ هشام عن ابن عامر]. I show that Shaykh Miftah was born in 1973. I hope to provide some more info on Shaykh Miftah soon.

For those who wish to start learning Hisham ‘an Ibn ‘Amir, here’s the Mushaf Riwayah Khalaf ‘an Hamzah [pdf]. Though to be certain, one should really learn this riwayah from a teacher.

Listen to the collection here.

Muhammad ‘Abd al-Karim Sa’id al-’Abd Allah

The following is an entire collection of Qur’anic recitation by Qari Muhammad ‘Abd al-Karim Sa’id al-’Abd Allah [محمد عبدالحكيم سعيد العبدالله], a qari [a Qur'anic reciter] from Doha in Qatar. The style of recitation here is al-Duri ‘an al-Kisa’i [ الدوري عن الكسائي]. I show that Shaykh Muhammad was born in 1973. I hope to provide some more info on Shaykh Muhammad soon.

For those who wish to start learning Hisham ‘an Ibn ‘Amir, here’s the Mushaf Riwayah Khalaf ‘an Hamzah [pdf]. Though to be certain, one should really learn this riwayah from a teacher.

Listen to the collection here.

The Masahif [PDF's - **warning: some Mac's will have issues with the fonts in these PDF's]:

Riwayah Warsh ‘an Nafi’ Recitation

Omar al-Qazabri The following is an entire collection of Qur’ānic recitation by Shaykh Omar al-Qazabri [شيخ عمر القزابري], a qari from Morocco. The style of recitation here is Warsh ‘an Nafi’ [ورش عن نافغ]. Some info on Shaykh Omar:

Omar al-Qazabri is a Moroccan Qur’an reciter and Imam. He was born in 1974 in Marrakech. His father helped him memorize the Qur’an at the age of eleven. Soon after having got his baccalaureate, Omar flew to Saudi Arabia in order to learn more about Islamic Fiqh. He enrolled in Islamic Institute of Makkah in 1997. In parallel of his studies, he was leading prayers in Jeddah’s University mosque. Later on, he went to Egypt and worked with Cheikh Ahmed Al Maassarwi on a project entitled “The Ten recitations achievement”. Back to Morocco, Omar al-Qazabri had gained a huge experience from masters of Qur’an recitation and Islamic sciences. Omar al-Qazabri first led prayers in Oulfa’s mosque (Casablanca, Morocco) and earned much popularity thanks to his recitation of the Holy Qur’an. Omar al-Qazabri then was nominated Imam and Reciter of the monumental Hassan II mosque. Omar al-Qazabri is also known for his interesting conferences and speeches. He is nicknamed “the Minbar nightingale”.

While it is obviously best to learn Qur’ānic recitation [tajwīd] from a trained individual, you may, in sha’Allah, nonetheless benefit from Shaykh al-Qazabri’s excellent recitation. For the curious, here is a short primer on the ahkam, or rules of tajwid regarding Warsh. You may also order a color-coded tajwid mus’haf in the recitation of Warsh ‘an Nafi’ from Fadak Books. You may also download Qur’an Flash, a Flash-based program that allows you to read the Qur’an in the Warsh riwayah [recitation]. Just download the ZIP file [PC's]. There was a Mac installer as well but their web site is currently having issues. I will update it as soon as it’s available. You can also download a pdf of the mus’haf here.

You may click on the link to listen in another tab or right-click to download.

1 — al-Fatihah.

2 — al-Baqarah.

3 — Al ‘Imran.

4 — al-Nisa’.

5 — al-Ma’idah.

6 — al-An’am.

7 — al-’Araf.

8 — al-Anfal.

9 — al-Tawbah.

10 — Yunus.

11 — Hud.

12 — Yusuf.

13 — al-Ra’ad.

14 — Ibrahim.

15 — al-Hijr.

16 — al-Nahl.

17 — al-Isra.

18 — al-Kahf.

19 — Maryam.

20 — Ta Ha.

21 — al-Anbiya’.

22 — al-Hajj.

23 — al-Mu’minun.

24 — al-Nur.

25 — al-Furqan.

26 — al-Shu’ara’.

27 — al-Naml.

28 — al-Qasas.

29 — al-Ankabut.

30 — al-Rum.

31 — Luqman.

32 — al-Sajdah.

33 — al-Ahzab.

34 — Saba’.

35 — fatir.

36 — Ya Sin.

37 — al-Saffat.

38 — Sad.

39 — al-Zumar.

40 — Ghafir.

41 — Fussilat.

42 — al-Shura.

43 — al-Zukhruf.

44 — al-Dukhan.

45 — al-Jathiyah.

46 — al-Ahqaf.

47 — Muhammad.

48 — al-Fath.

49 — al-Hujurat.

50 — Qaf.

51 — al-Dhariyat.

52 — al-Tur.

53 — al-Najm.

54 — al-Qamar.

55 — al-Rahman.

56 — al-Waqiah.mp3.

57 — al-Hadid.

58 — al-Mujadilah.

59 — al-Hashr.

60 — al-Mumtahanah.

61 — al-Saff.

62 — al-Jumu’ah.

63 — al-Munafiqun.

64 — al-Taghabun.

65 — al-Talaq.

66 — al-Tahrim.

67 — al-Mulk.

68 — al-Qalam.

69 — al-Haqqah.

70 — al-Ma’arij.

71 — Nuh.

72 — al-Jinn.

73 — al-Muzzammil.

74 — al-Muddaththir.

75 — al-Qiyamah.

76 — al-Insan.

77 — al-Mursalat.

78 — al-Naba’.

79 — al-Naziat.

80 — ‘Abasa.

81 — al-Takwir.

82 — al-Infitar.

83 — al-mutaffifin.

84 — al-Inshiqaq.

85 — al-Buruj.

86 — al-Tariq.

87 — al-A’la.

88 — al-Ghashi’ah.

89 — al-Fajr.

90 — al-Balad.

91 — al-Shams.

92 — al-Layl.

93 — al-Dhuha.

94 — al-Sharh.

95 — al-Tin.

96 — al-’Alaq.

97 — al-Qadr.

98 — al-Bayyinah.

99 — al-Zalzalah.

100 — al-’Adiyat.

101 — al-Qari’ah.

102 — al-Takathur.

103 — al-’Asr.

104 — al-Humazah.

105 — al-Fil.

106 — Quraysh.

107 — al-Ma’un.mp3.

108 — al-Kawthar.

109 — al-Kafirun.

110 — al-Nasr.

111 — al-Masad.

112 — al-Ikhlas.

113 — al-Falaq.

114 — al-Nas.