Ramadan Preparation: A Khutbah

Islam is a religion of responsibility, both towards ourselves and to others. This is part of our deeds as well as our religious literacy.

Recap on the meaning of taqwā. We can think of it as a set of reflexes – a self-defense system as per al-Tabrizi’s definition:

الإتقاء أن تجعل بينك و بين ما تخافه حاجزا يحفظك

“Taqwa is the idea that you [A] place something [C] between yourself and that which you fear could destroy you [B].”

و اتقوا يوما لا تجزي نفس عن نفس شيئا و لا يقبل منها شفاعة و لا يوخذ منها عدل و لا هم ينصرون

“Defend yourself against a day that will come where no soul shall be of assistance to another whatsoever – nor shall it put forth an intercessor in its place – no compensation will be taken from it – nor shall there be anyone to come to its aid.” [Qur’an: 2:47]

Responsibility: we must take ownership over our Islam as it pertains to our personal piety, development and how Islam is seen in the public eye. We can see this in the narration of the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم:

عن ابن شيبان عن أبيه, قال قال رسول الله, صلى الله عليه و سلم من بات على ظهر بيت ليس له حجار فقد برئت منه الذمة

“Whoever spends the night on the roof of a house that has no stone balustrade, then by all means, Allah’s responsibility towards him has been absolved!”

عن مالك أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال بعثت لأتمم حسن الأخلاق

One of the primary areas we can all work on and take responsibility over is our character. We can see clearly that character was of paramount importance to the Messenger and to Islam as a whole. Related to us from Imam Mālik’s Muwatta’: Mālik heard the Messenger of Allah [s] state:

“I was sent for the perfection of character.”

عن علي بن حسين بن علي بن أبي طالب من حسن إسلام المرء تركه ما لا يعنيه

Related to us from ‘Ali b. Abi Talib in Imam Mālik’s Muwatta’:

“From the excellent qualities of a person’s Islam is that s/he leaves off that which does not concern him/her.”

Avoiding Disobedience

المعصية بالجوارح يوم تشهد عليهم ألسنتهم وأيديهم وأرجلهم بما كانوا يعملون

“On that day their tongues, hands, and feet will testify against them about what they used to do.” [al-Nur, 24].

The limbs are the instrucments by which we committ acts of disobedience. Here are three to watch: the eyes, ears, and tongue. Each will testify either for or against us on the Day of Judgment, where they will speak of what we did:

قال عز و جل ما تقرب إلي المتقربون بمثل أداء ما افترضته عليهم و لا يزال العبد يتقرب إلي بالنوافل حتى أحبه فإذا أحببته كنت سمعه الذي يسمع به وبصره الذي يبصر به ولسانه الذي ينطق به ويده التي يبطش بها ورجله التي يمشي بها

Closing du’ah

يا حي يا قيوم برحمتك نسبغيث لا تكلنا إلى أنفسنا ولا إلى أحد من خلقك طرفة عين وأصلح لنا شؤوننا كلها

“O Ever-Living, O Self-Subsistent, by Your mercy we beseech Your help. Leave us not to ourselves nor to any of Your creation for even the blink of an eye. Set right for us all our affairs.”

Ramadan Preparation: A Khutbah by marcmanley

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